Planting Roses - Your questions answered

We answer some of the most common questions on Roses.

Planting Roses - Your questions answered

Planting roses

When to plant roses?

It is ideal to plant roses during the cooler winter months when the shrubs and climbers are in a phase of dormancy. When you plant the rose during cooler months, it is ready to start growing and establishing as soon as the soil begins to warm into Spring.

Do roses need full sun?

Roses perform the best in full sun positions. Some varieties can tolerate a minimal amount of partial shade. It will however reduce the abundance of flowers and density of the foliage on shrub roses. A full sun position for roses is ideal.

Can roses grow in pots?

Roses can be grown in pots. Roses shrubs will grow to small-medium shrubs and will need a proportionally large pot to thrive in. When potting roses, use quality potting mix and ensure that roses are regularly fertilised and watered. Avoid using pots out of porous material like terracotta as they are quick to dry out during warmer weather.

How deep should you plant roses?

When planting a bare root rose, plant to the same depth as the potting mix and make sure that the graft sits above the soil. The stem will have visible soil marks, so plant to the same depth the rose was in the soil originally.

How do you prepare the soil?

Prepare your soil with well-rotted compost and organic additives such as Rockdust and Mycogold. Dig an area slightly larger than required (at least 30-40cm wide and a spade depth deep for a bare root rose) to open the soil and improve root penetration.

What is the best soil for roses?

Free draining loam soil is best for roses to thrive. Sandy soils can be improved by adding organic matter like well-rotted compost before planting. The drainage of clay soils will need to be improved before planting. Planting roses in a mound is also a solution.

Can I move a rose?

Roses can be successful transplanted to new positions in the garden. The best time to transplant roses is during cooler months when the rose is dormant. It is also possible to move roses at other times of the year but ensure the rose is regularly watered after transplanting. Applications of seaweed solution will assist the rose in establishing also.

Should I prune roes before transplanting?

Roses are easier to move and establish better if they are pruned before they are transplanted. Depending on the size of the shrub or climber, prune by at least a third to a half before transplanting.

How roses flower

How many times a year do roses bloom?

Depending on the variety and type of rose, most roses will start flowering from mid-late Spring and continue to bloom into summer with regular deadheading and supplementary watering.

Will bare root roses bloom in the first year?

Depending on the age of the bare root rose, they can flower in their first year. Initially, there may only be a few blooms, but shrub and climbing roses will start flowering abundantly in at 2-3 years with reasonable care.

How do you keep roses blooming?

Regular deadheading, pruning the spent flowers off will encourage rose shrubs and climbers to continue to flower throughout the season.

Should you cut off roses after they bloom?

Yes, the technique of removing spent flowers, i.e. deadheading, encourages the rose to produce more flowers throughout the season.

When should I stop deadheading roses?

Continue to deadhead roses throughout the season. Some roses, especially Rugosa, have striking rosehips. If you enjoy the feature of roses hips, stop deadheading before the shrub or climber finishes flowering to enjoy the roses hips in late summer-autumn.